On this date in History ... 1937:
first blood bank was opened at Cook County Hospital in Chicago. Before the
technology that preserved blood came along, transfusions had to be done
vein-to-vein. Russians had worked with
using cadaveric blood (blood from cadavers) to store and re-use. Inspired by this work by the Russians,
Bernard Fantus at Cook County established the first U.S. blood storage, and
thus the term “blood bank” was born.
facts about blood donation and blood needs:
can be received by anyone of any blood type.
This makes O-negative donors the most valuable blood donor. Because it has such a high demand, there is frequently a shortage of the O-negative supply.
people can only receive O-negative blood.
This makes O-negative people a very high risk group as, unlike other blood types, they cannot receive any
other type of blood except their own type.
7% of blood
donors are O-negative.
There are about
10 million donors in a year to service a population of over 300 million.
car-accident-victim can use as much as 100 pints of blood.
Blood cannot be
manufactured … it can only be donated.
The American Red
Cross supplies about 40% of the nation’s blood supply.