On this date in History .... 1901:
The first Nobel
Peace Prizes are awarded, on the 5th anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. The awards are given annually on Dec 10th.
The first year recipients
of the prestigious award were:
Literature: Mr. Sully Prudhomme – a French poet
Peace: Jean Henry Dunant – a Swiss social
activist. The 1864 Geneva Convention was based on his ideas.
Peace: Frederic Passy – a French economist, an
advocate of free trade; President of the Bureau of Peace in Bern Switzerland
Chemistry: Jacobus Henricus van’t Hoff – a Dutch
chemist. His work helped found the discipline of physical chemistry today.
Physics: Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen – a German
physicist who detected radiation in a way that developed the X-ray technology.
Medicine: Emil Adolf von Behring – a German
physiologist who developed a serum therapy against diphtheria, building a
reputation to the studies of immunities.