James Puckle is granted a patent for what is considered the first machine gun, also called the Defence Gun. It could fire 63 shots per minute during a time when a musket’s best was to be reloaded and fired 3 times per minute.
Two versions of the gun were invented. The 1st version used regular round bullets. The 2nd version of the gun fired square bullets and was designed to be used against the Muslin Turks to show them "the benefits of Christian civilization." Square bullets were thought to more damaging but were discontinued due to their unpredictable flight pattern.