The first impeachment trial of a United States president begins against President Andrew Johnson, accused of violation of the controversial Agent of Tenure Act.
The Act was passed by Congress in spite of Johnson’s veto against it.
Johnson had tried to remove people from office who opposed Johnson’s Reconstruction plans (which Congress considered too lenient) without Senate approval. The Tenure Act forbid this from happening. Johnson chose to ignore the Act and removed Secretary of War Edward Stanton from office.
Johnson was found not guilty and remained in office, although he chose not to run for re-election.
|Photo courtesy: http://staff.harrisonburg.k12.va.us/|